The goal in diabetes management it to get as close to normal (non-diabetic) a blood glucose level as you safely can. Ideally, this means levels between 70 and 130 mg/dl before meals, and less than 180 one to two hours after starting a meal.
Blood glucose targets are individualized based on:
- duration of diabetes
- other health conditions, such as previous heart attacks, high blood pressure, etc.
- frequency of low blood sugar
- individual patient considerations
The American Diabetes Association suggests the following targets for many nonpregnant adults with diabetes. More or less stringent glycemic goals may be appropriate for other individuals.
- A1C < 7.0%
- Pre-prandial plasma glucose (before a meal) 70–130 mg/dl (3.9–7.2 mmol/l)
- Peak postprandial plasma glucose (1-2 hours after the beginning of a meal) < 180 mg/dl (< 10.0 mmol/l)
You should discuss what your personal goals should be with your doctor. Keeping a normal level all the time is not always possible and it's not needed to get results. Every bit you lower your blood glucose level helps to prevent complications.