Actually, borderline diabetes is a somewhat misleading term. The term pre-diabetes, which is more widely used today, better describes what is happening. Pre-diabetes means that your blood glucose is higher than normal but not yet high enough to be considered diabetes. But it also means that you are at a higher risk of developing diabetes.
If you have a fasting blood glucose drawn at a laboratory, a normal result would be under 100mg/dL. If your blood glucose result is in the range of 100mg/dL to 125mg/dL, it is considered to be pre-diabetes. A result over 125mg/dL, verified on a separate day, is diabetes. Pre-diabetes can also be diagnosed by the use of a blood test called an A1C. You don’t have to fast to have this test done. If the result is between 5.7% and 6.4%, you have pre-diabetes. Under 5.7% is normal and over 6.4% is diabetes.
A major study was done which showed that if you have pre-diabetes and make some lifestyle changes, you can prevent or delay the progression to diabetes. Making some changes in eating habits, becoming more physically active and moderate weight loss, can help to reduce your risk of developing diabetes.
Talk to your health care provider if you have concerns about your blood glucose numbers. They may suggest that you see a registered dietitian or certified diabetes educator who can help you develop a plan for reducing your risk of diabetes.